Breed Standards : Herding Dog Group : English Shepherd
Official UKC Breed Standard
Revised January 1, 2008
@Copyright 2004, United Kennel Club, Inc.
The goals and purposes of this breed standard include: to furnish guidelines for breeders who wish to maintain the quality of their breed and to improve it; to advance this breed to a state of similarity throughout the world; and to act as a guide for judges.
Breeders and judges have the responsibility to avoid any conditions or exaggerations that are detrimental to the health, welfare, essence and soundness of this breed, and must take the responsibility to see that these are not perpetuated.
Any departure from the following should be considered a fault, and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
According to legend, the English Shepherd is a combination of native dogs of the British Isles and the Roman sheep and cattle dog brought to the British Isles by Caesar when he invaded in 55 B.C.
Romans used these dogs to herd the livestock brought along to feed the troops. As the livestock was depleted, surplus dogs were left along the way, and were used by local natives and interbred with existing types of dogs with similar herding talents to intensify those instincts.
The English Shepherd was brought to the American colonies by some of the first settlers and followed the development of the United States from east to west. This multi-purpose breed was highly prized as it was used to herd valuable livestock and to protect the isolated homesteads.
The United Kennel Club is the original registrar of the English Shepherd and has recognized them since 1927.
A medium-sized dog of sturdy balance and harmonious proportions, built for speed and maneuverability. The English Shepherd's alert face shows intelligence. Being a "total" breed, English Shepherds should be judged both on their ability to work livestock and their physical and structural appearance. To be taken into primary consideration are type, balance, soundness, gait and temperament.
Energetic, intelligent, very active, agile, courageous and gritty. Fearless for their purpose. Acting immediately when commanded, and very responsive to the master's voice. Adapting themselves almost at once to working commands around farm stock. Working characteristics include: strictly low heeling, and very free with the use of their teeth. Also very watchful as guards of the home. Companionable to their master.
Fault: Excessive nervousness, or aggression.
The head is of medium length and slightly rounded between the ears. The head and neck are carried slightly raised.
SKULL - The skull is wide and flat above the eyes, broad between the ears. The width of the skull between the inner corners of the ears is approximately the same distance as the width behind the eyes. There is a medium amount of stop, moderately defined.
Faults: Peaked or domed skull.
MUZZLE - The muzzle is moderately broad, but is neither wide and stubby nor thin and snipey. The flews are straight and do not droop. The jaws are deep and powerful. The length of the muzzle, from the tip of the nose to the stop, is about equal to the distance from the stop to the occiput.
Faults: Short and heavy or weak, snipey foreface.
TEETH - Strong and regular, scissors bite.
Severe Faults: Overshot and undershot bites.
EARS - Wide at the base. Folding over approximately ¾ down and laying close to head.
EYES - Dark or medium brown. Moderately round with a slightly oblique set. Express character with a strong, intelligent look.
Faults: Protruding or sunken eyes.
Neck is well muscled, arched, and of medium length, setting well into the shoulders.
The shoulders are well laid back; shoulder blade and upper arm are about equal length.
FORELEGS- Straight and muscular with medium bone and strong but flexible pasterns. Not too short.
The body length, from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock, is about the same as the height at the withers. The chest is deep, extending down approximately to the elbows, and wide, allowing large lung capacity. The backline is level. The ribs are well sprung. The loins are strong and deep. The flank is not tucked up.
Faults: Roached or sway back.
Wide and muscular. Very compact at the hip, denoting the strength to spring.
HIND LEGS - Slightly bent at hock. Very muscular. Well haired.
Compact and round with arched toes and deep pads. Dewclaws should be removed.
Moderately long with the tip of the bone reaching to the hock joint. Carried slightly higher than the back, with a slight curve. When the dog is standing or at rest the tail should not be held straight up or over the back.
Natural bobtails are acceptable. They should be about six to eight inches long and carried level with the back line.
Fault: A tail that is held straight up and over the back when the dog is at rest.
The coat is thick, glossy, and soft. It may be straight, wavy or curly, except on the face, skull and front of legs where it is short and smooth. The coat fully covers the body from ears down to feet. There is good furnishing under the body and on the upper half of the hind legs. The back of the front legs are feathered. The tail is plume like. The undercoat is soft and fine, affording protection from the elements. Any evidence of excessive grooming is to be penalized.
Faults: Kinky coats. Heavy manes or heavy frills on the underside of the neck and on the chest.
There are five predominant color patterns: Black and White; Black and Tan; Black, White and Tan; Sable and White, and Tan & White. The Black and White has a well-defined black coat with white trim. White trim may include: a white neck ring, a blaze of white on foreface and/or topskull, as well as those areas defined below for tan trim. However, the white blaze should not extend back so far as to meet the white neck ring.
The Black and Tan has a well defined black coat with tan trim, which appears on the cheeks as "shepherd spots," over the eyes, as a broad chest bar, on the front legs as stockings up to just above the knees, inside the hind legs, on the feet, under the tail and inside the ears. A Black and Tan may have white on the chest. If any white appears in the trim areas, the dog is not a Black and Tan, but is defined as a Black, Tan and White (tri-color).
The Black, Tan and White (tri-color) has a well defined black coat with some white replacing the tan trim. There must be, however, tan "shepherd spots" over the eyes.
Tan includes colors from light gold to mahogany brown.
The Sable and White has a well-defined, sable-colored coat with white trim.
Tan & White has a well defined tan coat, which can range from shades of Fawn to Red, with white trim.
Permitted: white neck ring, white tip on tail, white chest; white on lower legs; blaze on face.
Disqualifications: Excessive white covering more than 1/3 of dog. Solid white coats. Whites with black or sable spots. Blue merles. Solid red or red merle. Solid black coat. Albinism.
The gait is smooth, without choppiness, indicating the ability to change direction instantaneously. Action should be effortless, with no body roll.
Viewed from the front, the forefeet track close together, but do not cross over. Viewed from the rear, the hind legs follow in a line with the forelegs, converging toward a center line of gravity.
Males: 19 to 23 inches, 20 to 21 inches preferred. Females: 18 to 22 inches, 19 to 20 inches preferred. The same height at the shoulders as at the hips.
Males, 45 to 60 pounds. Females, 40 to 50 pounds.
(A dog with a Disqualification must not be considered for placement in a conformation event, and must be reported to UKC.)
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme aggressiveness or shyness. Excessive white covering more than 1/3 of dog. Solid white coats. Whites with black or sable spots. Blue merles. Solid red or red merle. Solid black coat. Albinism.